The Football Association of Wales has introduced this Policy for preventing the abuse of trust as a clear sign that it is determined that everyone involved in football, including children, young people and adults at risk, can participate at all levels in a safe and supportive environment.
The Policy establishes the Football Association of Wales’ position, roles and responsibilities and together with the Welfare Policy and Welfare Procedures and Practices (available at www.faw.cymru), clarifies what is expected of other individuals and organisations involved in football.
The FAW recognises its responsibility towards children, young people and ‘adults at risk’ (**) to protect them against sexual activity or abuse within ‘relationships of trust’ (*). As part of the FAW’s commitment to providing good quality football in a safe environment, it has introduced this Policy which covers the relationships between participants, officials, coaches, volunteers and paid employees.
The aims of the FAW Prevention of Abuse of Trust Policy are:
The key principles underpinning this Policy are:
In order to ensure that all members, officials, voluntary or paid workers, players and participants are protected from sexual abuse, exploitation, harassment and harm, inside or outside of the Association, the FAW will:
INFORMATION ON TYPES OF ABUSE
All adults have a responsibility to report any concerns they have if they suspect that abuse is taking place. Physical and behavioural signs that might raise concerns include:
Physical Abuse (e.g. hitting, shaking, squeezing, biting, burning). In football, this may result if the nature of intensity of training is inappropriate for the player; or where drugs or alcohol (specifically under 18s) are advocated or tolerated.
Sexual Abuse (e.g. any form of sexual behaviour between an adult and a young person, or the use of pornographic material). In football, this may be the result of coaches or older players involving young / disabled players in any form of sexual activity (e.g. sexual language, touching or relationships).
Emotional Abuse (e.g. wherever there is any form of abuse as well as the withholding of love or affection, overprotection, frequent use of shouting or taunts). In football this may occur if players are subject to constant criticism, bullying (by coach, parents or peers), taunting to unrealistic pressure to perform to high expectation.
Neglect (e.g. failure to provide adequate food, shelter and clothing, failing to protect a child from physical harm or danger or the failure to ensure access to appropriate medical care or treatment). Neglect in football could include a teacher or coach not ensuring children were safe, exposing them to undue cold, heat or unnecessary risk of injury.
WHAT SIGNS MIGHT BE A CAUSE FOR CONCERN?
* A ‘relationship of trust’ is defined as any in which a person has power or influence over and/or is in a position to confer advancement or failure. A sexual relationship is deemed to be intrinsically unequal within such a relationship of trust and is therefore judged as unacceptable, even where the young person or participant is above the legal age of consent. Brackenridge,C.H. and Fasting, K. (1999) An Analysis of Codes of Practice for Preventing Sexual Harassment and Abuse to Women and Children in Sport. Council of Europe Sports Division.
** An ‘Adult at risk’ is someone aged 18 years or over who is or may be in need of community care services by reason of mental or other disability, age or illness; and who is or may be unable to take care of him or herself, or unable to protect him or herself against significant harm or exploitation. ‘A Vulnerable person’ is any adult at risk or the weaker party in a relationship of trust.